Gandhi and the partition of india book
Search for the real villain of Partition divides India again | The IndependentBritish Broadcasting Corporation Home. What issues were left unresolved at the time of India's partition in , and how have they continued to plague both India and Pakistan since independence? India and Pakistan won independence in August , following a nationalist struggle lasting nearly three decades. It set a vital precedent for the negotiated winding up of European empires elsewhere. Unfortunately, it was accompanied by the largest mass migration in human history of some 10 million. As many as one million civilians died in the accompanying riots and local-level fighting, particularly in the western region of Punjab which was cut in two by the border. The agreement to divide colonial India into two separate states - one with a Muslim majority Pakistan and the other with a Hindu majority India is commonly seen as the outcome of conflict between the nations' elites.
mahatma Gandhi opposed Partition
Gandhi and the Partition of India
The three years after his wife's death were a time of struggle against what Gandhi saw as an impending catastrophe—the partition of India. The Muslim population was concentrated in the northwest and extreme east of India, but there was no clear line of demarcation, and Hindus and Muslims lived side by side in most regions. In a series of long, impassioned exchanges with Jinnah in and '45, both in person and by letter, Gandhi argued that partition would inevitably lead to violence and forced migration. But Jinnah held firm. In Churchill lost the British elections and the left-wing Labour party came to power, determined to push Indian independence through and rid themselves of a subcontinent that had become ungovernable.
October 2, marks the beginning of the th birth anniversary year of M. Throughout the nationalist struggle in the first half of the 20th century, Gandhi played the most significant role in securing Indian independence from the British Empire. The Partition of at the time of decolonization displaced millions of people and rendered them refugees overnight on both sides of the newly-created national boundaries. It caused more loss of life and property, more displacement, more separation of families, more population transfer and a greater demographic transformation of major cities in the South Asian subcontinent, than the Holocaust in Europe during World War II. Gandhi was morally opposed to Partition and deeply anguished by the large-scale communal violence between Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs, which undermined and contradicted his lifelong commitment to non-violent resistance against colonialism and imperialism.
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By Mailonline India and Afp. Pakistani high school student Noman Afzal knows everything about how 'traitorous' Hindus are to blame for the bloodshed that erupted when British India split into two nations 70 years ago. Students across the border in India are taught a starkly different version of events, the result of a decades-long effort by the nuclear-armed rivals to shape and control history to their own nationalistic narrative. August marks 70 years since the subcontinent was divided into two independent states - Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan - and millions were uprooted in one of the largest mass migrations in history. The official unwillingness to confront the bitter legacy of Partition - and the skewed portrayals being peddled in classrooms from New Delhi to Karachi - is hindering any hope of reconciliation between the arch-rivals, experts say.
Jump to navigation. When the All-India Muslim League was established in Dhaka in by leading Muslim figures from around the country, India had just begun to slowly transition to self-rule from the British Raj. Its initial strategy was to use the demographic weight of the Muslim-majority provinces in northwestern and eastern India, particularly the two large provinces of Punjab and Bengal, to secure larger Muslim representation in the legislature, in the executive branch, and in public services in minority provinces, where Muslims were most in need of protection. In the end, the partition of India, which the Muslim League later advocated, accomplished exactly the opposite. The separation cut away the Muslim-majority provinces from the rest of India, leaving Muslims in the minority provinces far more vulnerable to the will of the Hindu majority.
University Lahore. He also did Master in Modern History from G. He has produced six international papers on the important issues. The book under review can be viewed as significant as having been based on a novel perspective of partition of India to some extent. The author skillfully deviates from the traditional view point about partition in the light of empirical research. The division of the book into three main chapters and further into sub-chapters better serves the motive of supporting the argument of the author. The author first presents the background of the Hindu-Muslim communal rift in post British India and comes up with an argument that the communal rift would have never been widened, if leaders like Gandhi had co-operated in terms of the share of power with Muslims and other minorities.