Bach prelude and fugue in f minor book 1
Prelude and Fugue in F minor, BWV 857 (Bach, Johann Sebastian)
The prelude is cautious and the fugue energetic. This piece, however, is the other way round. The melancholy atmosphere is already firmly established in the very first notes, and it remains throughout. It really seems as if the prelude is going nowhere. All attempts at brightening up are nipped in the bud.
The Well-Tempered Clavier , BWV —, is a collection of two sets of preludes and fugues in all 24 major and minor keys , composed for solo keyboard by Johann Sebastian Bach. In Bach's time Clavier keyboard was a generic name indicating a variety of keyboard instruments , most typically a harpsichord or clavichord — but not excluding an organ either. Bach gave the title Das Wohltemperirte Clavier to a book of preludes and fugues in all 24 major and minor keys, dated , composed "for the profit and use of musical youth desirous of learning, and especially for the pastime of those already skilled in this study". Each set contains twenty-four pairs of prelude and fugue. The rising chromatic pattern continues until every key has been represented, finishing with a B minor fugue. In Bach's own time just one similar collection was published, by Johann Christian Schickhardt — , whose Op. Although the Well-Tempered Clavier was the first collection of fully worked keyboard pieces in all 24 keys , similar ideas had occurred earlier.
It is the twelfth prelude and fugue in the second book of The Well-Tempered Clavier , a series of 48 preludes and fugues by the composer. The prelude is 70 bars long, and is written in theme and variations form. The theme is 28 bars long and written in binary form. It is followed by several variations in different keys, and ends with a variation in the home key. Below is the opening sentence of the prelude:.