Saudi history and geography book 1 pdf
History Of Saudi Arabia : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet ArchiveThe history of Saudi Arabia in its current form as a state began with its foundation in , although the human history of the region extends as far as 20, years ago. The region has had a global impact twice in world history:. At other times, the region existed in relative obscurity and isolation, although from the 7th century the cities of Mecca and Medina had the highest spiritual significance for the Muslim world , with Mecca becoming the destination for the Hajj pilgrimage, an obligation, at least once in a believer's lifetime, if at all possible. For much of the region's history a patchwork of tribal rulers controlled most of the area. Over the following years, the extent of the Al Saud territory fluctuated.
Geography of Saudi Arabia
It is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland and mountains. As of October , the Saudi economy was the largest in the Middle East and the 18th largest in the world. The territory that now constitutes Saudi Arabia was the site of several ancient cultures and civilizations. The prehistory of Saudi Arabia shows some of the earliest traces of human activity in the world. In the early 7th century, the Islamic prophet Muhammad united the population of Arabia and created a single Islamic religious polity.
Its extensive coastlines on the Persian Gulf and Red Sea provide great leverage on shipping especially crude oil through the Persian Gulf and the Suez Canal. The Saudi government estimate is at 2,, square kilometres, while other reputable estimates vary between 2,, and 2,, sq. Saudi Arabia is bounded by seven countries and three bodies of water. This section of the border with Yemen was demarcated in and is one of the few clearly defined borders with a neighbouring country. The Saudi border running southeast from Najran, however, is still undetermined.