Race ethnicity and health a public health reader pdf
Race and ethnicity in health research | Journal of Public Health | Oxford AcademicContributors All authors contributed to the conceptualization and writing of this article. All authors participated in the literature review and development of policy interpretations. Moore developed the statistical analyses presented. We suggest that disparities must be understood as both collective and contextual phenomena. Disparities also emerge from a context of limited educational and economic opportunity. Optimal health outcomes will not be achieved without a better balance in the medical and nonmedical determinants of health.
Health Disparities at the Intersection of Race, Ethnicity, and Disabilities
Person and Place: The Compounding Effects of Race/Ethnicity and Rurality on Health
Trevor A. However, studies have been mainly descriptive and have not been used to develop and evaluate strategies to improve health care. In part this reflects the poor analytical standards. The tendency to collect routine ethnic data and include ethnic variables in an ad hoc and uncritical way in the United Kingdom and other countries may help transform minorities into mere statistical categories and produce data and findings which reinforce stereotypes. Multiculturalist ethnic health explanations also tend to displace more material explanations of health outcomes.
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The purpose of this guidance is to promulgate a set of uniform data collection standards for inclusion in surveys conducted or sponsored by HHS as required by Section of the Affordable Care Act. HHS reports, dating back to the landmark Secretary's Task Force on Black and Minority Health, emphasize the importance of timely and reliable data to assist in identifying racial and ethnic health disparities, in understanding the causes and correlates of disparities, and in monitoring progress in reducing them. HHS has a long commitment to developing such data, best exemplified by the HHS Data Inclusion policy, which required the collection of uniform standard data on race and ethnicity in all HHS-sponsored data collection activities. Data improvement efforts enhance the ability of the public health and healthcare systems to identify and track disparities in health and health care, understand their correlates and consequences, and facilitate greater accountability for reducing them. However, the lack of standards related to data collection on vulnerable population subgroups remains a challenge for adequately collecting, reporting, and tracking data on health disparities. Section Understanding health disparities: data collection and analysis of the ACA focuses on the standardization, collection, analysis, and reporting of health disparities data. While data alone will not reduce disparities, it can be foundational to our efforts to understand the causes, design effective responses, and evaluate our progress.
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