Psychology and work perspectives on industrial and organizational psychology pdf
A Brief History of Industrial Psychology - Inquiries JournalIndustrial Psychology is almost as old as Psychology itself. Both of them were philosophers and physicians fascinated with the mind-body debate. The older discipline of philosophy could not alone deal with this debate, more room and new tools were needed, giving way to Psychology. Munsterberg was primarily interested in personnel selection and use of psychological tests in industry. James McKeen Cattell was, like Munsterberg, a controversial figure. He held a long position at Columbia University until he was fired for continuously challenging and ridiculing his colleagues and the president of Columbia Landy, He owned and edited many psychological journals, in this way contributing to the growth of the field.
A Brief History of Industrial Psychology
The U. Psychology as a field is composed of many different areas. Briefly, it can be defined as the scientific study of behavior in organizational settings and the application of psychology to understand work behavior. For example, they ask questions such as: How can organizations recruit and select the people they need in order to remain productive? How can organizations assess and improve the performance of their employees? What work and non-work factors contribute to the happiness, effectiveness, and well-being of employees in the workplace? How does work influence non-work behavior and happiness?
Industrial-organizational psychology is the branch of psychology that applies psychological theories and principles to organizations. Often referred to as I-O psychology, this field focuses on increasing workplace productivity and related issues such as the physical and mental well-being of employees. Industrial-organizational psychologists perform a wide variety of tasks, including studying worker attitudes and behavior, evaluating companies, and conducting leadership training. The overall goal of this field is to study and understand human behavior in the workplace. You can think of industrial-organizational psychology as having two major sides. First, there is the industrial side, which involves looking at how to best match individuals to specific job roles.
Observing, analyzing and interpreting human behavior in a professional environment is the domain of industrial organizational psychologists, commonly referred to as I-O psychologists. These professionals focus on individual and group performance, satisfaction, safety, health and well-being through a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods. By studying worker attitudes and behaviors, I-O psychologists are able to recommend or create improved hiring practices, training programs, feedback systems and management techniques to boost company performance. Their knowledge and skills are applicable to almost any organization, including corporations, factories, nonprofits, government agencies and the military. On this page, we are going to take a more in-depth look at the typical day of an I-O psychologist and what it takes to excel in the field. Typically an I-O psychologist will work as a consultant, contracted by companies to reform their business practices; though some may be hired as full-time, salaried employees to oversee an organization's human resources department.
What Do Practitioners Want? Practitioner Survey Results Revealed! Members in the Media Mariah Clawson. Membership Milestones Jayne Tegge. Poe Rd. I-O Business Resources.