Rules games and common pool resources pdf
OGUMI—A new mobile application to conduct common-pool resource experiments in continuous timeThe theory makes clear contact with some of the essential issues of local versus centralized policy-making and enforcement; and then it convincingly illustrates those issues with a combination of experiments and field evidence. Du kanske gillar. While the tragedy of the commons is real, there are many instances where institutions develop to protect against overexploitation. In this important work, the authors explore empirically, theoretically, and experimentally the nature of such institutions and the way they come about. Forests, irrigation systems, fisheries, groundwater basins, grazing lands, and the air we breathe are all examples of common-pool resources CPRs.
Rules, games, and common-pool resources
In economics , a common-pool resource CPR is a type of good consisting of a natural or human -made resource system e. Unlike pure public goods , common pool resources face problems of congestion or overuse, because they are subtractable. A common-pool resource typically consists of a core resource e. While the core resource is to be protected or nurtured in order to allow for its continuous exploitation, the fringe units can be harvested or consumed. A common property rights regime system not to be confused with a common-pool resource is a particular social arrangement regulating the preservation, maintenance, and consumption of a common-pool resource. The use of the term "common property resource" to designate a type of good has been criticized, because common-pool resources are not necessarily governed by common property protocols.
What is COMMON-POOL RESOURCE? What does COMMON-POOL RESOURCE mean?
While the tragedy of the commons is real, there are many instances where institutions develop to protect against overexploitation. In this important work, the authors explore empirically, theoretically, and experimentally the nature of such institutions and the way they come about. Read more Table of contents. Please choose whether or not you want other users to be able to see on your profile that this library is a favorite of yours. Finding libraries that hold this item
A common-pool resource is a resource that can be attributed to the economic category of Common Goods. Characteristic for this kind of goods is, that the access to them is hardly restrictable while the availability is limited. In consequence the sustainability of these resources is endangered. This article describes the peculiarities of common-pool resources and consequences for their governance. Furthermore, an approach of collective governance, which has been developed by the institutional economist Elinor Ostrom  , is presented. No matter if water resources, agricultural land, fishing grounds or forests — the sustainable management of resources is at the core of long lasting food security.
A main feature of OGUMI is its capacity to capture real-time changes in human behaviour in response to a dynamically varying resource. OGUMI is simple for example, likewise other existing software, it does not require expertise in behavioural game theory , stable, and extremely flexible with respect to the user-resource model running in the background. Here we present the motivation for the development of OGUMI and we discuss its main features with an example application. Since the first CPRE—25 years ago [ 1 ]—a growing number of these experiments have been conducted for many different resources, using different sample populations, and with participants of vastly diverse backgrounds, both in the field and in the laboratory. These experiments, as any other economic experiments, have attempted to test theory and to design incentives to overcome common-pool resource dilemmas. Overall, the conclusions of these studies can be summarized as follows: 1 non-cooperative game theoretical solutions do not always hold; and 2 certain institutional settings increase cooperation levels.