Origin and evolution of human settlements pdf
Evolution of settlementsIt would not be possible to achieve permanent settlement of populations and the consequent emergence of the first cities without this conversion. The most characteristic feature is the concentration of population in cities. The emergence of settlements was the result of the first social division of labor, i. Later, the separation of crafts and their concentration in certain settlements took place - the first cities arose the so-called second social division of labor. The emergence of the cities was the result of third social division of labor, i.
The Evolution of Human Settlements
The first descriptions of Americans were not framed on scientific grounds or according to a specific research program. Rather, they were mere beliefs and conjectures stated by fifteenth and sixteenth century Spanish explorers who joined expeditions to still unknown lands and inhabited the colonies. Thus, since the epochs of Columbus and Moctezuma, curiosity about Native American origins has not only been of scientific interest. It should be viewed, to a certain extent, as one more among the many inquiries naturally posed by two cultures making contact. In sum, it was a combination of establishment of European anthropologists, the work of novel American scholars, and the accumulation of evidence that led to the first theories of human settlement of the continent.
In geography , statistics and archaeology , a settlement , locality or populated place is a community in which people live. The complexity of a settlement can range from a small number of dwellings grouped together to the largest of cities with surrounding urbanized areas. Settlements may include hamlets , villages , towns and cities. A settlement may have known historical properties such as the date or era in which it was first settled, or first settled by particular people. In the field of geospatial predictive modeling , settlements are "a city, town, village or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work".
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