Erik erikson identity youth and crisis pdf
Identity, Youth, and Crisis Summary & Study GuideBy Erik H. Pp This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables. Erik H. Erikson is a psychoanalyst and an anthropologist of international stature.
Identity vs. Role Confusion
Identity, Youth and Crisis, written in , is one of the most important works on the psychology of adolescence in the twentieth century. It aims to synthesize the individualistic methodology of Freudian psychoanalysis with the other social sciences. Erik Erikson , the author and a Danish-German-American psychologist was one of the most significant theorists in human psychology of his day.
Erik Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development
By Saul McLeod , updated Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order through eight stages of psychosocial development, from infancy to adulthood. During each stage, the person experiences a psychosocial crisis which could have a positive or negative outcome for personality development. For Erikson , , these crises are of a psychosocial nature because they involve psychological needs of the individual i. According to the theory, successful completion of each stage results in a healthy personality and the acquisition of basic virtues.
Language: English French. According to Erik Erikson, the main task of adolescents is to solve the crisis of identity versus role confusion. Research has shown that a stable and strong sense of identity is associated with better mental health of adolescents. Good relationships with peers are also linked with better emotional and psychological well-being of adolescents. The aims of this article were to analyze links between adolescent identity development and relationships with peers identified from a literature review, summarize the results, and discuss the theoretical factors that may predict these relationships. Analysis of findings from the systematic literature review revealed that a good relationship with peers is positively related to adolescent identity development, but empirical research in this area is extremely limited. The possible intermediate factors that could determine the relationship between adolescent identity development and their relationships with peers are discussed.
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