Supersonic flow and shock waves pdf
Evaluating Oblique Shock Waves Characteristics on a Double-Wedge AirfoilDispersive shock waves DSWs are studied theoretically in the context of two-dimensional 2D supersonic flow of a superfluid. Employing Whitham averaging theory for the repulsive Gross-Pitaevskii GP equation, suitable jump and entropy conditions are obtained for an oblique DSW, a fundamental building block for 2D flows with boundaries. Quasistationary DSWs, shock detachment due to transonic flow, spontaneous excitation of vortices, and the onset of turbulent dynamics associated with cavitation of the superfluid are observed. Rapid Communication. Theory of two-dimensional oblique dispersive shock waves in supersonic flow of a superfluid M.
Supersonic Flow and Shock Waves
In physics, a shock wave also spelled shockwave , or shock , is a type of propagating disturbance that moves faster than the local speed of sound in the medium. Like an ordinary wave, a shock wave carries energy and can propagate through a medium but is characterized by an abrupt, nearly discontinuous, change in pressure , temperature , and density of the medium. For the purpose of comparison, in supersonic flows, additional increased expansion may be achieved through an expansion fan , also known as a Prandtl—Meyer expansion fan. The accompanying expansion wave may approach and eventually collide and recombine with the shock wave, creating a process of destructive interference. The sonic boom associated with the passage of a supersonic aircraft is a type of sound wave produced by constructive interference. Unlike solitons another kind of nonlinear wave , the energy and speed of a shock wave alone dissipates relatively quickly with distance.
Supersonic flow and shock waves, a manual on the mathematical theory of non- linear wave motion. by: Courant, Richard; Friedrichs, K. O.
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