The function of ornament pdf free
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Farshid Moussavi - The Function of Style
Louis Sullivan : the function of ornament
Moussavi was born in in Shiraz, Iran and immigrated to London in to attend boarding school. She also completed a wide range of international projects including the John Lewis complex in Leicester, England and the Meydan retail complex in Istanbul, Turkey. The practice is currently working on a number of high-profile projects including an office tower for the City of London. Moussavi was also a trustee of the Architecture Foundation and the Whitechapel gallery between Alongside her professional practice, Moussavi has held a longstanding commitment to research across the academic and professional field of architecture. Moussavi's research, which began while teaching at the Architectural Association in the early 90s, has focused on instruments that allow architects to embed built forms with design intelligence and creative possibilities — such as the diagram, information technology, new construction technologies, envelopes and tessellation — and how they can be used to develop alternative concepts for the practice of architecture.
Edited by Moussavi and Michael Kubo, the book offers a compelling reading of ornament that contrasts with the traditional view of ornament as symbolic decoration. Such symbols often depend on specific cultural values but, as Moussavi points out in her introduction, our increasingly cosmopolitan society has made it difficult for buildings to communicate symbolically. Existing somewhere between technical guidebook and glossy catalogue, the book presents 42 case studies arranged according to three classifications: depth, material, and affect, which describe, respectively, how the ornament is integrated into the building, the architectural or cultural forces that produce the affect, and primary quality created — e. While the lack of photographs can be frustrating at times, the brilliantly clear illustrations maintain the focus on the seamless integration of construction, ornament, and affect. The Function of Ornament similarly offers a deeper reading of buildings that looks beyond style to understand the forces that shape buildings.
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Ornament has been present throughout the recorded history, revealing human's aspirations, reflections and imaginations. Correspondingly, the discussion of ornament has almost uninterruptedly been a major topic for architectural discourses; one which has led to the publication of several significant texts in which ornamental practices has been addressed from a variety of perspectives. An investigation into the key architectural texts however, reveals that the absence of a certain definition of ornament and its functions in architecture as well as the interchangeable use of the terms 'decoration' and ornament as synonyms, have always been a serious obstacle to reach a clear conception of ornament nature. Results indicated that the aforementioned concepts can be distinguished by means of seven criteria including components, connection, reference source, role, field of application and reference mode. According to the most referred criteria, ornament is an essential part of architecture which creates a firm bonding with its carrier and often fulfills functions more than aesthetic one.